projection mercator vs peters

One of the characteristics, of area, shape or direction, must be sacrificed. As Mercator maps were already spiraling into obsoletion, a historian attempted to speed up this process by presenting a new map. In 1988, they switched to the Robinson projection, on which high latitudes are less distorted in size than in shape in an attempt to more accurately capture the three-dimensional shape of the earth in a two-dimensional figure. Pro-Peters folks often argue that this projection merely advantages colonial powers while disadvantaging others. Fortunately, over the past few decades, the Mercator projection has fallen into disuse by most reliable sources. The Mercator projection is a cylindrical map projection presented by the Flemish geographer and cartographer Gerardus Mercator in 1569. Non-rectangular maps have been around for a long time. The Peters projection map uses a rectangular coordinate system that shows parallel lines of latitude and longitude. Entre as projeções cartográficas existentes ao longo do tempo, as mais conhecidas são as projeções de Mercator e Peters, no entanto existem outros tipos de projeções, classificados de acordo com a superfície de projeção (planas, cônicas ou cilíndricas) e de acordo com as propriedades (equivalentes, conformes e equidistantes). In 1967, Arno Peters, a German filmmaker, devised a map projection identical to Gall's orthographic projection and presented it in 1973 as a "new invention". Proponents of the Peters projection map claim that their map is an accurate, fair, and unbiased depiction of the world when comparing theirs to the almost-defunct Mercator map, which features enlarged depictions of euro-centric countries and continents. Compromise projections like the Robinson and Winkel Tripel are far superior to their predecessors because they present the world as globe-like, making them worthy of support from almost all geographers. A projeção de Mercator é um marco na história da cartografia por ser uma das primeiras a mostrar o planeta inteiro. Total Points. Assim, a Europa, além de ficar no centro e na parte de cima do mapa, ficou maior do que é na realidade, reforçando, simbolicamente, sua posição de superioridade. This is why Mercator beats out Peters in the world of cartography, and why Google Maps uses a modified Mercator projection. The Mercator map was designed as an aid to navigators with straight lines, loxodromes or rhumb lines—representing lines of constant compass bearing—that are perfect for "true" direction. All claims made by advocates for the Peters projection about Mercator distortion are correct, though one map being less wrong than the other doesn't make either map "right". But the popularity of the Peters Projection was likely due to a lack of knowledge about basic cartography, as this projection is still quite flawed. Todos os mapas são representações gráficas e planas da superfície terrestre. Por essa razão é chamada de projeção equivalente. Some say that because Arno Peters worked at a time when worldwide decolonization was coming to an end, he tried to reset the cartographic representation of the world by taking away the importance of the western world in the maps designed so far according to Mercator Projection. Assim, no século XVI, com as Grandes Navegações, foi criada a visão eurocêntrica do mundo, materializada na cartografia: o norte, onde se localiza a Europa, aparece acima do sul nos mapas. The Mercator map has always been inadequate as a world map due to its rectangular grid and shape, but geographically illiterate publishers once found it useful for designing wall, atlas, and book maps, even maps found in newspapers published by non-geographers. Game Points. Map found via reddit, click for larger version. Most alternative projections now in use, such as Robinson, Van der Grinten, or Eckert IV, still do not preserve the quality of ‘equal area’. The Prime Meridian: Establishing Global Time and Space, M.A., Geography, California State University - Northridge, B.A., Geography, University of California - Davis. And how do their projections affect our view of the world? Peters vs Mercator According to The Guardian, the Mercator projection, by pushing the equator below the halfway line of the map, while handier for representing navigation routes, exaggerates the size of land masses in the northern hemisphere. MERCATOR vs PETERS Projeções de Mercator e Peters: Diferentes maneiras de ver o Mundo! Map projections: Mercator vs Gall-Peters learn by taking a quiz; Online quiz to learn Map projections: Mercator vs Gall-Peters; Your Skills & Rank. There's a lot you could say there. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peters_projectionFrom "The West Wing" Season 2 Episode 16 Both maps are rectangular projections that are poor representations of a spherical planet. To highlight the difference in distortion at low and high latitudes, I've superimposed Greenland over Africa in all three projections. So, the correct tool in this case is the world mapped using the Peters projection. Compare these to this map which corrects for distortions and preserves the true size and shape of Greenland at low … Mercator, ao contrário de árabes e italianos, colocou o norte na parte de cima do seu mapa. Peters only chose to compare his strange-looking map to the Mercator map because he knew that the latter was an inappropriate representation of the earth, but so was his. In 1986 it was referred to as the Gall-Peter … While it’s well known that the mercator projection distorts the world, the maps here show very clearly by how much. Today 's Points. While the Peters projection does (almost) represent land area accurately, all map projections distort the shape of the earth, a sphere. Outra projeção que merece destaque é a de Peters, reelaborada em 1952 pelo historiador alemão Arno Peters e publicada, pela primeira vez, em 1973. Who were Mercator and Peters? But what to replace them with? Many feel that these discrepancies reflect racism and prejudice against underprivileged and developing countries. Today's Rank--0. However, the Peters projection came to be seen as the lesser of two evils. Ambos os mapas são projeções retangulares e são representações pobres do planeta. Africa, for example, is depicted as smaller than North America when it is, in reality, three times larger. It was presented by German historian and journalist Arno Peters in 1973 (Rosenberg, 2013), who claimed that the map created by Gall – Peters projection are more fairly than the widely accepted map, Mercator projection … Projeções de Mercator e Peters Entre as projeções cartográficas existentes ao longo do tempo, as mais conhecidas são as projeções de Mercator e Peters , no entanto existem outros tipos de projeções , classificados de acordo com a superfície de projeção (planas, cônicas ou cilíndricas) e de acordo com as propriedades … The Peters … Mercator’s projection was designed in the 16th century for navigational use but was adopted, inappropriately, for use as a world reference map. Actions. Try this amazing Mercator And Gall Peters Map Projections quiz which has been attempted 80 times by avid quiz takers. Mercator has become the default option for online mapmaking, simply because so many data visualization maps rely on Google Maps or OpenStreetMap … The Mercator projection was developed in 1569 by Gerardus Mercator as a navigational tool. Mercator VS. Peters The Superhuman section spent their class time today researching the difference between Peters Projection maps and the traditional Mercator map. Unfortunately, geographers and cartographers agree that neither map projection is appropriate—the Mercator vs. Peters controversy is, therefore, a moot point. The Arno Peters Projection is recent, from 1973, but inspired by the Gall Projection from the 19th century. We will start by explaining the original purpose of the Mercator projection, designed with rhumb lines in order to assist sailors in navigation, and then continue to explain the history of the Peters projection as well as the intentions aimed at improving the political inequality presented in the Mercator. Como a Terra é esférica (na realidade, uma geoide), qualquer lugar na superfície pode ser o centro, de acordo com pontos de vista e interesses diversos. Once again, the Gall-Peters vs Mercator argument has come up. A tendência dos povos de valorizarem sua cultura e seu modo de vida, considerando-se modelo para todos os demais, denomina-se etnocentrismo. What Are Latitude and Longitude Lines on Maps? Mas aqui é como cada um ganhou destaque e, na maioria dos casos, o uso indevido. Get started! In essence, the Peters projection was a response to a question that had already been answered. The National Geographic Society adopted the Van der Grinten projection, which encloses the world in a circle, in 1922. Essa projeção mantém a equivalência das áreas de países e continentes; assim, os países aparecem do tamanho que realmente são. This tells them which compass direction to continually sail in until they reach their destination. The Mercator, however, makes the North look much larger. A Mercator vs. Peters controvérsia é realmente um ponto discutível. The Mercator Projection. The Peters Projection world map is one of the most stimulating, and controversial, images of the world. 6. It became the standard map projection for navigation because it is unique in representing north as up and south as down everywhere while preserving local … It became the standard map projection for most applications and is still cemented as the mental map of most westerners today. Start studying Mercator vs. Peters Projection. One of us! Skilled at marketing, Arno claimed that his map displayed third world countries more subjectively than the popular but highly distorted Mercator projection map. Gall-Peters Mercator; Creator: James Gall / Arno Peters (1852 / 1967) Gerardus Mercator (1569) Group: Cylindric: Cylindric: Property: Equal-area: Conformal: Other Names: Gall Orthographic; Peters projection — Remarks: Original design by James Gall, independently developed again by Arno Peters in 1967 and presented to the … A projeção de Peters invertida mostra o mundo na visão terceiro-mundista do planeta, considerando-se o momento histórico em que ela surgiu. Maybe it's an extreme oversimplification to say that the Mercator projection is racist, or maybe it's not true on any level. Peters only chose to compare his strange-looking map to the Mercator map because he knew that the latter was an inappropriate representation of the earth, but so was his. Ignorant statements like "Only now are the first non-chauvinistic maps being produced without bias to any one region of the earth. Servia, assim, às pretensões dos países subdesenvolvidos, principalmente africanos e asiáticos, que conseguiram sua independência política durante o processo de descolonização do pós-Guerra. The Peters simply isn’t … Entretanto, quando foi assinado o Acordo de Washington, em 1884, entre Estados Unidos e Reino Unido, tomou-se o Meridiano de Greenwich como referencial de longitude e de fuso horário. Advertisement. Compare the map projections Mercator and Miller. All claims made by advocates for the Peters projection about Mercator distortion are correct, though one map being less wrong than the other … Except where otherwise noted, images on this site are by Tobias Jung and are … Finally, in 1998, the Society began using the Winkel Tripel projection, which features an even better balance between size and shape than the Robinson projection. In many ways the past debates over the Mercator are moot: arguing over the right projection for wall-sized world maps—Mercator vs. Peters vs. Robinson—is fighting the last war. Mercator colocou os meridianos perpendicularmente, um do lado do outro, cortando os paralelos. In a 1980s study, two British geographers discovered that the Mercator map did not exist among dozens of atlases examined. Superfície Terrestre - Projeção - Mapa. This is why Mercator beats out Peters in the world of cartography, and why Google Maps uses a modified Mercator projection. The Mercator projection (/ m ər ˈ k eɪ t ər /) is a cylindrical map projection presented by Flemish geographer and cartographer Gerardus Mercator in 1569. He promoted it as a superior alternative to the Mercator projection, which was suited to navigation but also used commonly in world maps. Both maps are rectangular projections and are poor representations of the planet. Com a ajuda do astrolábio e com as coordenadas do mapa, os navegado res conseguiam determinar a latitude e realizar suas viagens com mais segurança. But here's how each came to prominence and, in most cases, misuse. This map's grid is rectangular and lines of latitude and longitude are parallel throughout. O mapa de Mercator representa o mundo visto pelos europeus de acordo com seus interesses. Iniciava-se, assim, a mundialização do capitalismo com suas técnicas de produção e de comercialização. When this map was first introduced by historian and cartographer Dr. Arno Peters at a Press Conference in Germany in 1974 it generated a firestorm of debate. Gall – Peters projection is a equal-area cylindrical projection that named after James Gall and Arno Peters. Today, relatively few use either the Peters or Mercator map, yet the evangelizing continues. Mercator and Peters explain all in the Chat Show. Os meridianos e paralelos cruzavam-se sempre em um ângulo reto, o que permitia, com uma bússola na mão, aos navegadores orientarem-se pelos pontos cardeais e colaterais. At this time it was simply called the Gall orthographic. Gall-Peters projection (Wikimedia Commons) In a development that just might make academic cartographers pull out their remaining hair in frustration, Boston’s public schools began using the Peters projection in social studies classes last week.The news coverage (see the Grauniad’s) is the usual straw man argument about the Mercator and the false dichotomy between it and the Peters…

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