Nearly 7 in 10 persons in the correctional population were supervised in the community at year-end 2018 (4,399,000), while 3 in 10 were incarcerated in state or federal prisons or local jails (2,123,100). âOur population has shot up because success has meant that everyone wants to work here,â says Nikos Zorzos, Santoriniâs mayor. They have lots of jobs in Santorini. The metamorphic grade is a blueschist facies, which results from tectonic deformation by the subduction of the African Plate beneath the Eurasian Plate. The viticultural pride of the island is the sweet and strong Vinsanto (Italian: "holy wine") (Visanto), a dessert wine made from the best sun-dried Assyrtiko, Athiri, and Aidani grapes, and undergoing long barrel aging (up to twenty or twenty-five years for the top cuvées). These are premium storage space for produce, especially for wine cellaring: the Kánava wineries of Santorini. ", "Santorini's popularity soars but locals say it has hit saturation point", "The Bride, the Groom and the Greek Sunset: A Perfect Wedding Picture", "Greece's Handcrafted Beers Hit the Spot | GreekReporter.com", "Restoration, Reconstruction and Simulacra", "Greek island accused of abusing its star attraction: donkeys", URI.edu: Santorini Eruption much larger than previously thought, Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants and Bang Bang: Santorini In Pop Culture, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Santorini&oldid=994969309, Populated places in Thira (regional unit), Articles with Greek-language sources (el), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2012, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles containing Italian-language text, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, History Channel's "Lost Worlds: Atlantis" archeology series. In September visitors may tread the grapes and taste the wines. (1980). Santorini is one huge mound of volcanic lava. [non-primary source needed]. The northern part of the caldera was refilled by the volcano, then collapsed once more during the Minoan eruption. Welcome to the United Nations. Santorini was also struck by a devastating earthquake in 1956. âOver 25,000 people are now permanent residents. 2.  Before then, it was known as Kallístē (Καλλίστη, "the most beautiful one"), Strongýlē (Greek: Στρογγύλη, "the circular one"), or Thēra. The island remains the home of a small, but flourishing, wine industry, based on the indigenous grape variety, Assyrtiko, with auxiliary cultivations of two other Aegean varietals, Athiri and Aidani. ( 2 ) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, ( 3 ) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, ( 4 ) United Nations Statistical Division. Santorini boasts several nice beaches and two major archaeological sites. Some people prefer smaller, less crowded cities with open spaces, while others would rather have the hustle and bustle of big city life. There are also four much smaller islands called Thirassia, Nea Kameni, Palia Kameni and Aspronisi. Niger in West Africa will see its population nearly triple. Santorin/Champion Statistics. In the 5th century BC, Dorian Thera did not join the Delian League with Athens; and during the Peloponnesian War, Thera sided with Dorian Sparta, against Athens. Our population statistics cover age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, migration, ancestry, language use, veterans, as well as population â¦ The island was featured in The 2005 film ”The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants“. It is situated 27,5 m. above the sea level and may be reached from the port of Skala climbing the steep, 566 broad steps. The Cyclades are part of a metamorphic complex that is known as the Cycladic Massif. Santorin/Champion Statistics - Leaguepedia - Competitive League of Legends eSports Wiki. World Population Prospects 2019 The area of Santorini incorporates a group of islands created by volcanoes, spanning across Thera, Thirasia, Aspronisi, Palea, and Nea Kameni. Five locals were later shot in reprisal, including the mayor. Crocus has been discovered to have many medicinal values including the relief of menstrual pain. In 1967, a city buried by a volcanic eruption in 1500 BC., was found on Santorini. Santorini Film Festival held annually at the open air cinema, Cinema Kamari in Santorini.. The earliest eruptions, many of which were submarine, were on the Akrotiri Peninsula, and active between 650,000 and 550,000 years ago. During the Hellenistic period, the island was a major naval base for Ptolemaic Egypt. The island of Atlantis, according to Plato’s story, was really a series of islands. Santorini boasts several nice beaches and two major archaeological sites. Gavrilos rises in the south, whilst in the north we find the peaks of Megalo Vouno and Mikros Prophitis Ilias. The island also exports pumice stone, china clay and pistacchio nuts. The subduction compels the formation of the Hellenic arc, which includes Santorini and other volcanic centres, such as Methana, Milos, and Kos.. This group later claimed that they had named the city and the island after their leader, Theras. When the Roman Empire was divided, the island passed to the eastern side of the Empire which today is known as the Byzantine Empire. It has been filled several times by ignimbrite since then, and the process repeated itself, most recently 21,000 years ago. Instead, the Minoan frescoes depict "Saffron-Gatherers", who offer their crocus-stamens to a seated lady, perhaps a goddess. Santorini is unlike any other island. The name Thera was revived in the nineteenth century as the officiâ¦ The documentary presents this date as corresponding to the time of the Biblical Moses. Until the early 1990s locals filled water cisterns from the rain that fell on roofs and courts, from small springs, and with imported assistance from other areas of Greece. The thunderous fury of nature left its mark on the island, the home of Greece’s last active volcano which still smolders today. The site was closed for almost seven years while a new canopy was built.  Nine subaerial eruptions are recorded in the historical record since that time, with the most recent ending in 1950. Some scholars believe that the island is part of the legendary lost continent of Atlantis which supposedly slipped underwater during the disaster.What remains today of Santorini is a large cresent-shaped island enclosing a vast bay, the largest caldera on earth (7X14 miles). A loom-workshop suggests organized textile weaving for export. Reports claim there were days when up to 18,000 visitors on cruise ships alone were seen disembarking at the islandâs port, which is a high number considering that only about 15,000 people actually live on the island. "Thera" redirects here. The second site of major archaeological importance is Ancient Thira. The underground dwellings along the ridge overlooking the caldera, where the instability of the soil was responsible for the great extent of the damage, needed to be evacuated. If qe-ra-si-ja was an ethnikon first, then in following him/her/it the Cretans also feared whence it came.. The ground is not part of the earth’s crust, but instead it was formed by the hardening of a viscous liquid that emerged from the bowels of the earth. It has rightly been called the black pearl of the Aegean. , The island's pumice quarries have been closed since 1986, in order to preserve the caldera. The dual pipe system, the advanced architecture, and the apparent layout of the Akrotiri find resemble Plato's description of the legendary lost city of Atlantis, further indicating the Minoans as the culture which primarily inspired the Atlantis legend.. If the initial consonant were aspirated, then *Qhera- would have become "Thera-" in later Greek. England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom with population close to 54 million, which accounts for 84% of the UK population. The yield per hectare is only 10 to 20% of the yields that are common in France or California. The municipality of Santorini includes the inhabited islands of Santorini and Therasia, as well as the uninhabited islands of Nea Kameni, Palaia Kameni, Aspronisi and Christiana. The site was re-opened in April 2012. Several very important wall frescos were uncovered that depict everyday life over 4,000 years ago. In recent years a desalination plant has provided running, yet non-potable, water to most houses. Archaeological evidence, based on the established chronology of Bronze Age Mediterranean cultures, dates the eruption to around 1500 BC. Probably after what is called the Bronze Age collapse, Phoenicians founded a site on Thera.  After the Fourth Crusade, it was occupied by the Duchy of Naxos which held it up to ca.  The inner coast around the caldera is a sheer precipice of more than 300 metres (980 ft) drop at its highest, and exhibits the various layers of solidified lava on top of each other, and the main towns perched on the crest. Volcanism on Santorini is due to the Hellenic Trench subduction zone southwest of Crete. The continents population density is 246.11 per square mile. It can accommodate Boeing 757, Boeing 737, Airbus 320 series, Avro RJ, Fokker 70, and ATR 72 aircraft. Help . Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) "The Minoan eruption of Santorini, Greece". It is located in the southern Aegean Sea, about 200 kilometers (120 miles) southeast of Greece's mainland. 2020. The name Thera was revived in the nineteenth century as the official name of the island and its main city, but the colloquial name Santorini is still in popular use.  In 1318–1331 and 1345–1360 it was raided by the Turkish principalities of Menteshe and Aydın, but did not suffer much damage. Some two million people flocked to the Greek island of Santorini last year. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός", "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. , Santorini has a semi-arid climate (Bsh in the Köppen climate classification) with Mediterranean characteristics. The poem goes on to claim that the island was named Thera after Euphemus' descendant Theras, son of Autesion, the leader of a group of refugee settlers from Lemnos. In their adaptation to their habitat, such vines are planted far apart, as their principal source of moisture is dew, and they often are trained in the shape of low-spiralling baskets, with the grapes hanging inside to protect them from the winds. Sheer, impressive cliffs, and parallel layers of black and red rocks compose its western side. Watch Queue Queue In the spring, before the tourists start to arrive again, the island is a hive of activity as preparations are made as nearly the entire island is repainted and freshened up. The cycles end when the magma evolves to a rhyolitic composition, causing the most explosive eruptions. Small tremors and reports of strange gaseous odours over the course of 2011 and 2012 prompted satellite radar technological analyses and these revealed the source of the symptoms; the magma chamber under the volcano was swelled by a rush of molten rock by 10 to 20 million cubic metres between January 2011 and April 2012, which also caused parts of the island's surface to rise out of the water by a reported 8 to 14 centimetres. Two million tons of volcanic soil is exported every year for use in the cement industry. , The island was the site of one of the largest volcanic eruptions in recorded history: the Minoan eruption (sometimes called the Thera eruption), which occurred about 3,600 years ago at the height of the Minoan civilization. For discussion, see Minoan eruption#Eruption dating. They have been formed since the Minoan eruption, and the first of them broke the surface of the sea in 197 BC. In between the caldera-forming eruptions are a series of sub-cycles. The frescos can be seen today at the island’s Archaeological Museum and the site can be visited everyday except Monday and holidays. Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Dynamics. Its the largest island of a small, circular archipelago, which bears the same name and is the remnant of a volcanic caldera. Imagine in the center a hill, surrounded by a ring of water; the ring of water surrounded by a circle of land, then another ring of water and one of land, until there were nine rings of water and nine of land. In 1944, the German and Italian garrison on Santorini was raided by a group of British Special Boat Service Commandos, killing most of its men. George Cedrenus, Σύνοψις ἱστορίων, Vol I, p. 795.  These dates, however, conflict with radiocarbon dating which indicates that the eruption occurred at about 1645–1600 BC.  Santorini is part of the Thira regional unit. Today, that city is referred to as Ancient Thera. Lava flows and small explosive eruptions build up cones, which are thought to impede the flow of magma to the surface. , Santorini's primary industry is tourism, particularly in the summer months. The Dorians have left a number of inscriptions incised in stone, in the vicinity of the temple of Apollo, attesting to pederastic relations between the authors and their lovers (eromenoi). It is the most active volcanic centre in the South Aegean Volcanic Arc, though what remains today is chiefly a water-filled caldera. The BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China), generally regarded as the four major emerging â¦ This video is unavailable.  For those, and other, reasons, the date of the eruption is disputed. The main asphalt runway (16L-34R) is 2,125 metres (6,972 feet) in length, and the parallel taxiway was built to runway specification (16R-34L). The unique characteristic is the common utilisation of the hypóskapha: extensions of houses dug sideways or downwards into the surrounding pumice. The estimated population of the U.S. was approximately 328.2 million in 2019, and the largest age group was adults aged 25 to 29. This Bronze Age civilization thrived between 3000 and 2000 BC, reaching its peak in the period between 2000 and 1630 BC.. Eruptive products range from basalt all the way to rhyolite, and the rhyolitic products are associated with the most explosive eruptions. The islands had been created by Neptune, god of the sea, for Cleito, his beloved. The site was not a palace-complex as found in Crete, but neither was it a conglomeration of merchants' warehousing, as its excellent masonry and fine wall-paintings show. The total land area is 91 square kilometers (35 square miles).  The pipes run in twin systems, indicating that Therans used both hot and cold water supplies; the origin of the hot water probably was geothermic, given the volcano's proximity. White varieties also include Athiri and Aidani, whereas red varieties include mavrotragano and mandilaria. Not surprisingly, the largest countries in the world in terms of population are China and India, with both countries now having populations of well over a billion.The United States comes in third with just under 325 million residents. The island was not known as Thera at this time. It is cool in the summer owing to the northeast winds (known as meltemi), and in the winter, the weather is sweet and mild with an average temperature of 10 C (50 F). These non-volcanic rocks are exposed at Mikro Profititis Ilias, Mesa Vouno, the Gavrillos ridge, Pyrgos, Monolithos, and the inner side of the caldera wall between Cape Plaka and Athinios. On Santorini, a deposit of white tephra thrown from the eruption is found lying up to 60 m (200 ft) thick, overlying the soil marking the ground level before the eruption, and forming a layer divided into three fairly distinct bands indicating different phases of the eruption. White wines from the island are extremely dry with a strong, citrus scent and mineral and iodide salt aromas contributed by the ashy volcanic soil, whereas barrel aging gives to some of the white wines a slight frankincense aroma, much like Vinsanto. Following the outbreak of the Greek War of Independence on the Greek mainland in March 1821, in May Santorini followed suit, although the local Catholic population had its reservations. These colors, in recent years, tend to replace white in the color of house facades, according to the traditional architecture of the island as it was developed until the great earthquake of 1956. Post-Minoan eruptive activity is concentrated on the Kameni islands, in the centre of the lagoon.  Total rainfall averages 371 mm (14.6 in) per year. Santorini was ranked the world's top island by many magazines and travel sites, including the Travel+Leisure Magazine, the BBC, as well as the US News. In the towns of Kamari and Perissa the entire range of water sports are readily available including rentals, lessons, and equipment. Chart and table of Italy population from 1950 to 2020. Most of the population of Santorini had to emigrate to Piraeus and Athens.. The global population of forcibly displaced increased by 2.3 million people in 2018. Santorini is not just an island that has developed as its island neighbors have.  According to George Cedrenus, the volcano erupted again in the summer of 727, the tenth year of the reign of Leo III the Isaurian. Gamepedia. Once this happens, a large explosive eruption destroys the cone. The Kameni islands in the centre of the lagoon are the most recent example of a cone built by this volcano, with much of them hidden beneath the water. What remains today of Santorini is a large cresent-shaped island enclosing a vast bay, the largest caldera on earth (7X14 miles). At Knossos, in a LMIIIA context (14th century BC), seven Linear B texts while calling upon "all the gods" make sure to grant primacy to an elsewhere-unattested entity called qe-ra-si-ja and, once, qe-ra-si-jo. Getting out from the deep blue sea its volcanic sheer cliffs topped with gleaming white village homes and churches, resemble snowcapped mountains. It may have been one of the largest volcanic eruptions on Earth in the last few thousand years, with an estimated VEI (volcanic explosivity index) of 6 according to the last studies published in 2006, confirming the prior values. The vines are extremely old and resistant to phylloxera (attributed by local winemakers to the well-drained volcanic soil and its chemistry), so the vines needed no replacement during the great phylloxera epidemic of the late 19th century.  Cruise ships anchor off Skala and passengers are transferred by local boatmen to shore at Skala where Fira is accessed by cable car, on foot or by donkey. The length of the island is 16 km and its width varies from 1 to 5 km. Fragmentary wall-paintings at Akrotiri lack the insistent religious or mythological content familiar in Classical Greek décor. Its streets, squares, and walls were preserved in the layers of ejecta, sometimes as tall as eight metres, indicating this was a major town. The island is the result of repeated sequences of shield volcano construction followed by caldera collapse. There are also four much smaller islands called Thirassia, Nea Kameni, Palia Kameni and Aspronisi. Consequently, the inhabitants often use rainwater for their everyday use. The eruption occurred during the "Late Minoan IA" period at Crete and the "Late Cycladic I" period in the surrounding islands. The ground of the island is volcanic and on the side of the volcano caldera, the island is rocky and steep. The film also suggests that these original Mycenaean Israelites fled Egypt (which they had in fact ruled for some time) after the eruption, and went back to Mycenae. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. The island is still home to a Catholic community and the seat of a Catholic bishopric. The water at the darker coloured beaches is significantly warmer because the lava acts as a heat absorber. ÏÎ±, Thira), is een ringvormige eilandengroep in de Egeïsche Zee, die bij de Cycladen horen. These rooms are prized because of the high insulation provided by the air-filled pumice, and are used as living quarters of unique coolness in the summer and warmth in the winter. The well preserved ruins of the ancient town are often compared to the spectacular ruins at Pompeii in Italy. The official name of the island is Thira, but foreigners refer to it by the name given in honor of the island’s patron saint, St. Irene of Thessaloniki, who died here while in exile in 304 A.D. Santorini, which covers 73 square kilometers and is located 127 nautical miles from the port of Piraeus, has an important wine trade. The present municipality of Thera (officially: "Thira", Greek: Δήμος Θήρας), which covers all settlements on the islands of Santorini and Therasia, was formed at the 2011 local government reform, by the merger of the former Oia and Thera municipalities.. According to Herodotus, following a drought of seven years, Thera sent out colonists who founded a number of cities in northern Africa, including Cyrene. The frescos can be seen today at the island’s Archaeological Museum and the site can be visited everyday except Monday and holidays. The contrast between these two faces of Santorini is dramatic and extraordinary. Thira is perched on the hill of Mesa Vouno overlooking modern day Kamari and Perissa. It forms the southernmost member of the Cyclades group of islands, with an area of approximately 73 km2 (28 sq mi) and a 2011 census population of 15,550. The Minoan eruption provides a fixed point for the chronology of the second millennium BC in the Aegean, because evidence of the eruption occurs throughout the region and the site itself contains material culture from outside. , Excavations starting in 1967 at the Akrotiri site under the late Professor Spyridon Marinatos have made Thera the best-known Minoan site outside of Crete, homeland of the culture. Agriculture also forms part of its economy, and the island sustains a wine industry, based on the indigenous Assyrtiko grape variety. Not only is the population in Santorini rapidly rising, as more and more people are searching for work on the island, but the birth rate here (about 150 per year) is the highest in Greece, according to Santoriniâs mayor Nikos Zorzos, The Guardian reports. Santorini has a population of 15,500 and a land area of 76 square kilometers (an area a little bigger than Manhattan). Yet it has a strange and uncanny fascination of its own. As with other Greek territories, Thera then was ruled by the Romans. Watch Queue Queue. Update to date information about population of Greece in 2020. License : CC BY-4.0 The region first became volcanically active around 3-4 million years ago, though volcanism on Thera began around 2 million years ago with the extrusion of dacitic lavas from vents around Akrotiri. In the 2018 video game Assassin's Creed Odyssey, a gateway to the mythical lost city of Atlantis is located in a temple beneath the island of Thera. Pipes with running water and water closets found at Akrotiri are the oldest such utilities discovered. It matures to a sweet, dark amber-orange, unctuous dessert wine that has achieved worldwide fame, possessing the standard Assyrtiko aromas of citrus and minerals, layered with overtones of nuts, raisins, figs, honey and tea. Santorini is one of the few Cyclades Islands with a major airport, which lies about 6 km (4 mi) southeast of downtown Thera. Beach sand colour depends on which geological layer is exposed; there are beaches with sand or pebbles made of solidified lava of various colours: such as the Red Beach, the Black Beach and the White Beach. It takes 45 minutes to drive from one end of Santorini to the other. For those who prefer modern conveniences, a funicular lift is available. Jacobovici's assertions in The Exodus Decoded have been extensively criticized by religious and other scholars. The population of Santorini numbers some 11,400 people yet every year 500,000 tourists visit the island. It boasts ruins from Minoans, Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, and Venetians. Today, special water container trucks brought over on ferries meet the water supply demands of Santorini. The possibility has been more recently popularized by television documentaries such as The History Channel programme Lost Worlds (episode "Atlantis"), the Discovery Channel's Solving History with Olly Steeds, and the BBC's Atlantis, The Evidence, which suggests that Thera is Plato's Atlantis. The film asserts that the Hyksos were the Israelites and that some of them may have originally been from Mycenae. The total land area is 90.623 km2 (34.990 sq mi). By the end of the year, almost 70.8 million individuals were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, violence, or human rights violations. In 1707 an undersea volcano breached the sea surface, forming the current centre of activity at Nea Kameni in the centre of the lagoon, and eruptions centred on it continue—the twentieth century saw three such, the last in 1950. Player: Santorin; Tournament: LCS 2019 Spring - Showing Values Per Game - Open As Query; As of 2019, Santorini is a particular draw for Asian couples who come to Santorini to have pre-wedding photos taken against the backdrop of the island's landscape.. There have been at least twelve large explosive eruptions, of which at least four were caldera-forming. The duration is only two minutes and offers unforgettable views of the volcanic island.
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